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Brazil

Yearbook 2010

Brazil. The Latin American trend of female heads of state also came to Brazil in 2010. On October 31, the ruling Labor Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores, PT) won the second round of the presidential election, and its candidate Dilma Rousseff became Brazil's first female president. With 55 percent of the votes cast, she defeated opposition candidate José Serra of the Social Democratic Party (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira, PSDB). However, turnout was the lowest ever; nearly 30 million of Brazil's 136 million eligible voters did not vote. Political observers also pointed out that Rousseff's victory was actually less her own than a victory for outgoing President Lula da Silva.

2010 Brazil

In the governor elections held at the same time, it is true that the government alliance won in 17 of the country's 27 states. But the opposition won in some of the most important states, such as São Paulo and Minas Gerais, while government parties won in Rio de Janeiro and most of the poor states in the northeast.

In early April, Brazil's second city of Rio de Janeiro was hit by the worst rainfall since measurements began in 1912. During ten days, 410 mm of rain fell, three times more than normal. About 250 people died in the landslides, mainly in the makeshift townhouses on the city's hills, while 11,000 became homeless and thousands of other homes were threatened by further landslides. Critics pointed out that Brazilian and Latin American metropolitan cities are still very vulnerable to natural disasters due to political neglect and a combination of unregulated urbanization, substandard infrastructure, poverty and exceptional weather conditions. According to COUNTRYAAH, special concerns were expressed about Rio's opportunities to create secure events around the 2016 Olympic Games. For example, the Maracanãzinho sports stadium was filled with just over a meter of clay in less than five minutes during the April fall. The same concern was expressed in connection with the wave of robbery and gang-related violence that hit the city in November, leading to the use of military equipment and regular invasions of some of the city's largest slums.

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