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Cambodia

Yearbook 2010

Cambodia. For a long time, the first verdict came against a leader in the Communist Red Khmer terrorist regime in Cambodia in the 1970s. It had been over 30 years since the regime's fall and four years since the UN-backed tribunal began its work.

2010 Cambodia

According to COUNTRYAAH, Kang Kek Ieu, known by the name of Duch, was sentenced to 35 years in prison for murder, torture and crimes against humanity. Duch was the head of a hearing center in Phnom Penh where thousands of people were tortured and executed; almost no one survived. He admitted at the beginning of the trial but then asked to be acquitted. According to the judgment, the now 67-year-old Duch only has to serve 19 years, since he has been detained since 1999 and also received a "discount" for his cooperation. The judgment was appealed by both parties.

Duch was not considered the top tier of the Red Khmer, unlike four others in the Tribunal's detention: Nuon Chea, Khieu Samphan, Ieng Sary and Ieng Thirith. In September, the formal charges against them were presented for crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide.

Parliament voted in March for a law of corruption. The opposition and human rights organizations felt that the law was inadequate and called for an independent monitoring body, separate from the government party. UN envoy Douglas Broderick advocated more debate about the law, which led to the government being threatened with deportation because of "unacceptable interference" in the country's internal affairs. In international comparisons, Cambodia is usually at the bottom of Asia's countries in the area of ​​corruption.

Opposition leader Sam Rainsy was sentenced to imprisonment during the year for his absence. The background was protests against a settlement that the government has entered into with Vietnam on the border demarcation between the countries. The settlement led to some Cambodians losing their land. Rainsy took their case and was sentenced in January to two years in prison for inciting people to remove new border markings. In September, he was sentenced to ten years in prison for tampering with an official map to show that Vietnam had invaded the country's territory. Rainsy was in France.

Neighboring Thailand announced in August that diplomatic relations with Cambodia would be resumed. The message came after Thailand's deposed former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra resigned as financial adviser to the Phnom Penh government. In his absence, Thaksin has been sentenced to prison for corruption in his home country. Relations between the two countries are also strained due to a border dispute.

After extensive strikes and protests among mainly women textile workers, the government agreed to raise the minimum wage, with the equivalent of just under SEK 40 a month. The unrest continued even after that, in protest of the continued low salary of around SEK 400 a month. Several hundred women were eventually fired for striking. The clothing industry accounts for 85 percent of Cambodia's exports and produces garments for many chains, including Swedish H&M.

One day's grief was announced in November following a disaster in which around 350 people were killed during a festival in Phnom Penh. Panic arose on a narrow bridge when the congestion became too great; most victims were crushed to death.

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