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Chile

Yearbook 2010

Chile. Two dramatic events marked the year in Chile and became major media news worldwide. The first was a powerful earthquake that hit the country's southern and central parts on February 27. The earthquake, which measured 8.8 on the Richter scale, was one of the most powerful ever and 50 times stronger than the one that hit Haiti in January. More than 800 people perished and 1.5 million became homeless, and the material damage was estimated at the equivalent of US $ 30 billion. Worst affected were the regions of Maule and Bío-Bío in the south, but the quake was also felt in the capital Santiago. According to COUNTRYAAH, twenty minutes after the main quake, the southern part of the country was also hit by a tsunami. Looting of ruined houses and shops, especially in the provincial capital and the country's second largest city Concepción in Bío-Bío, forced President Michelle Bachelet to call for an emergency permit and deploy 15,000 soldiers to protect private property and restore order. The quake was followed by several powerful aftershocks, including March 11, in the midst of the televised surrender of the presidential office to the winner in the 2009 presidential election Sebastián Piñera.

2010 Chile

In early August, a race occurred in the San José mine near Copiapó in northern Chile. Only after just over two weeks did it appear that 33 miners survived the raid and were trapped at a depth of 700 meters. The first messages pointed to the fact that the rescue operation could not start until December, and planning was made for three alternative rescue operations. But already on October 13, all miners, after just over two months underground, could be rescued through an extremely complicated operation with a specially drilled, barely meter-wide rescue tunnel and a specially constructed rescue capsule. The whole drama took place in large part before the media cameras and spread throughout the world. The newly inaugurated President Piñera, who was present throughout the rescue operation.

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