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Kazakhstan

Yearbook 2010

According to COUNTRYAAH, Kazakhstan became President of the OSCE at the New Year, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. The role of Kazakhstan was questioned in many Member States because of the lack of democracy and the suppression of human rights. President Nursultan Nazarbayev, on the other hand, described the presidency as a recognition of Kazakhstan's international authority.

2010 Kazakhstan

The Presidency of the OSCE may have had an impact on a verdict in February, when a ban on media criticism by President Nazarbayev's son-in-law was lifted. The ban had been severely criticized by the OSCE. The son-in-law Timur Kulibayev is one of Kazakhstan's most powerful businessmen and is mentioned as a possible successor to Nazarbayev.

After the bloody fighting in southern Kyrgyzstan in the spring, the deposed Kyrgyz President Kurmanbek Bakijev fled to Kazakhstan but then traveled to Belarus.

The uprising in Kyrgyzstan led the Kazakh president to strengthen his power. In May, Parliament decided to grant Nazarbayev greater powers and, moreover, immunity from prosecution for both himself and his family. He also got a new title, Elbasy (country father). In addition, it became illegal to distort images of the president.

Nazarbayev, who according to the Constitution can candidate as many times as possible, announced in the fall that he plans to run in the 2012 presidential election and intends to stay until at least 2020.

After severe drought, this year's cereal harvest was about one-third less than normal. Kazakhstan is one of the world's largest grain producers, and the mist growth helped raise world market prices for cereals, flour and bread.

When President Nazarbayev turned 70 in July, the world's largest tent was erected in the capital, Astana, at a cost of more than SEK 1 billion. The tent, or the steel and plastic building, reached 150 m in height, and on the ground there was a business gallery and adventure palace.

At the end of the year, Kazakhstan entered into a new customs union with the Russian Federation, but Belarus, which would also have been involved, chose to stay outside.

In December, President Nazarbayev hosted the OSCE Summit, held in Kazakhstan's capital Astana. Some countries, such as Sweden and the United States, questioned Kazakhstan's role as OSCE chairman and did not allow themselves to be represented by the heads of government.

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