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Yearbook 2010

2010 MexicoMexico. Criminal violence in Mexico only worsened during the year, especially in cities along the US border. According to COUNTRYAAH, the worst affected were the states of Chihuahua and Nuevo León. In Ciudad Juárez in Chihuahua, which is already ranked as the most dangerous city in all of America, an average of more than 10 murders per day was recorded in October. More than 28,000 people have been murdered in the country since 2006, most in settlements between criminal gangs, and several politicians and journalists have been threatened or killed. The development has been embarrassing for President Félipe Calderón, who largely won the 2006 presidential election precisely on his promises of tougher tackles on the drug leagues in the country. According to the Reforma newspaper in Mexico City, this has only led to an escalation of the violence and that three times as many people as in 2006 had been murdered during the first nine months of the year.

2010 Mexico

Concerns about the development were so great internationally that the Secretary-General of the United States Cooperative Organization, OAS, José Miguel Insulza, stated on Mexican murder statistics that organized crime was a threat to democracy throughout the region. Skepticism about President Calderón's ability to deal with the growing problem was also markedly great in the United States. Foreign Minister Hillary Clinton warned in early September that the drug leagues in Mexico were comparable to an insurgency movement and that the situation was similar to that of civil war-torn Colombia twenty years ago. At about the same time, the authorities recorded their greatest success in the fight against crime when gang leaders Edgar Valdés Villarreal ("La Barbie") and Sérgio Enrique Villarreal Barragán ("El Grande") were arrested.

A contributing factor to the growth of the drug gang is considered to be the corrupt police force. Former members of the government's special forces have even formed their own criminal group, Los Zetas. In August, 10 percent of federal police members were fired in an attempt to curb that trend.

On July 4, governor elections were held in 12 of Mexico's 32 states. No party could be named a clear winner in the elections, but the old power party PRI (Partido Revolucionario Institucional), which dominated politics in Mexico during most of the 20th century, could definitely be said to have weakened. The party won in three less important states (Aguascalientes, Tlaxcala and Zacatecas) but at the same time lost power in the three populous Oaxaca, Puebla and Sinaloa.

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