Peru. On October 3, the trend of recent years in Peru was
confirmed, namely that national parties have a very
difficult time winning elections at the regional level. In
18 of the country's 25 regions, local and regional parties
instead won. The traditional party that made the most of it
was the Conservative PPC (Partido Popular Cristiano), whose
mayoral candidate in the capital, Lima, Lourdes Flores, was
declared victorious in early November after an unusually
slow vote. She thus became Lima's first female mayor ever.
The office is considered very important as no less than half
of Peru's population lives in or around Lima.
COUNTRYAAH, the ruling party PAP (Partido Aprista Peruano) was shaken
by corruption scandals at central level during the year. At
the end of April, it was revealed that the two party
secretaries Jorge del Castillo and Omar Quesada both took
bribes and misappropriated public funds. Castillo was thus
considered to be without a chance in the April 2011
presidential election, which he intended to run for.
The exploitation of natural resources is causing more and
more political protest movements with ethnic dimensions.
Peru's Indians became increasingly militant during the year,
notably AIDESEP (the Association of Desarrollo de la Selva
Peruana), which organizes Native American people in the
Peruvian Amazon and, among other things, demanded respect
for ethnic rights and protested that the government's
promises were not kept. Particularly infected was the issue
of the legal consequences of the massacre in Bagua in June
2009, when 33 protesting Indians were killed by police.
In early October, the Swedish Academy announced that
Peruvian author Mario Vargas Llosa was awarded the Nobel
Prize for Literature of the Year. 74-year-old Vargas Llosa
is also known for his political commitment, which led him,
among other things, to run for president in Peru in 1990 on
a conservative agenda.