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United States

Yearbook 2010

USA. According to COUNTRYAAH, Democrats lost their "super majority" in the Senate in January, when a Republican unexpectedly won the election after the deceased Ted Kennedy in Massachusetts. In doing so, Republicans increased their ability to stop bills, which seemed to jeopardize the bitterly disputed health care reform that both chambers of Congress adopted as their version of. President Barack Obama invested heavily in enforcing the law and finally adopted it in March. This was done by the House of Representatives approving the Senate version, without further adjustment.

2010 United StatesWelfare reform was the most pervasive since the 1960s. It provided health insurance to approximately 32 million previously uninsured Americans and was estimated to reduce the declining health care costs over time. Some Democrats were dissatisfied with what was seen as a diluted proposal that lacked a state insurance option. Republicans voted manganese against the law, which they felt meant too much government involvement in the economy and people's lives.

An oil platform exploded in the Gulf of Mexico in April, sinking to a depth of 1,500 meters. Eleven workers were killed and large amounts of oil began to sprout uncontrollably from the seabed.

2010 United States

Soon, the spill was called the worst environmental disaster in US history. Sensitive wetlands with rich bird and wildlife life along the south coast were affected, as was the fishing industry and tourism. The oil company BP was accused of lack of preparedness and lousy handling of the accident. The government was criticized for reacting slowly. President Obama gradually sharpened the tone for BP and decided to temporarily halt oil drilling at great depths. After several unsuccessful attempts, BP stopped the leak in July. Nearly five million barrels of oil had then leaked, the largest offshore discharge that has ever occurred anywhere in the world.

On May 1, a car full of explosives was discovered in Times Square, New York. Two days later, a Pakistani-American man was arrested for leaving the country with a passenger plane. The man, who said he was waging war on Islam, was sentenced in October to life in prison for terrorism and attempting to use weapons of mass destruction. A new reminder of the terror threat came the same month when explosives were found in two packages that were on the way with shipping plans to the United States.

A new financial regulation that was missing through the congress was completed in July. Obama called financial reform the toughest since the depression in the 1930s. The intention was to increase stability in the markets to prevent future taxpayers being forced to step in to save financial institutions from collapse.

Illegal immigration came into focus when Arizona adopted a strict immigration law. Critics called the law racist and boycott demands came from other states. The federal government turned to court, which ruled that the law violated the constitution as immigration is a federal task. But the decision was appealed. According to estimates, there are twelve million paperless immigrants in the United States.

The WikiLeaks website caused disruption in July by publishing tens of thousands of secretly stamped documents on US warfare in Afghanistan. The documents gave a picture of a failed war with few prospects of victory. Later, WikiLeaks released documents from Iraq. In November, it was time for countless diplomatic reports, with annoying comments about people and phenomena. Many in the United States raged over the publication, which was deemed to jeopardize US relations and freedom of movement in the world and threaten the safety of many individuals.

President Obama's popularity figures have dropped sharply. One reason was continued concern over the economy. A cautious recovery had taken place after the deep dive that began in 2008, but unemployment remained at around 10 percent and many more were counted as underemployed.

More and more Americans were considered poor; every eighth resident received a federal grant to buy food. Unemployment hit particularly hard against male-dominated occupations. During the year, for the first time in US history, more women than men were included in the workforce.

From the right, Obama and government opponents organized themselves, among others, in the newly formed so-called Tea Party movement, a loose association of right-wing populists, nationalists and anti-federalists. Several Tea Party candidates won Republican primary elections this fall.

As expected, the November election turned out to be a stinging defeat for the Democrats. In the House of Representatives, where all 435 seats were at stake, the party lost over 60 seats and Republicans took control. In the Senate election, which covered a third of the seats, Democrats managed to retain their majority, even if it weakened. The Democrats also lost several important governor positions. Several leading Republicans vowed to invest everything in tearing up health care reform. The result meant further limited room for maneuver for Obama, who had already faced massive opposition from Republicans.

But towards the end of the year, Obama unexpectedly rowed ashore several important party-wide deals that disrupted the image of a crippled president. First, he got Congress to pass an important tax compromise: concessions to Republicans' demands for extended tax relief for multi-millionaires, in exchange for extended unemployment benefits and other stimulus measures. Subsequently, a decision was made to allow openly gay men to serve in the military. A new START agreement that Obama struck with the Russian Federation on Reduced Nuclear Arsenal was ratified. Finally, free medical care was also approved for workers who received but after the rescue operation in connection with the terrorist attacks in 2001.

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